Perspectives of Dutch Physiotherapists on Self-Management Support
Publicatie van Kenniscentrum Zorginnovatie
Leontien Wely, van, J.C. Boiten, J. Verhoef, Belinda H.W. Eijckelhof, S.M. Hooft, van, A.L. Staa, van, P.D.D.M. Roelofs | Artikel | Publicatiedatum: 23 februari 2018
A Q-Methodology Study
Self-management support programs are reported to have positive effects on the health and care of people with physical disabilities. It is unclear how physiotherapists (PTs) view self-management support. A cross-sectional study with mixed-methods design using Q-methodology was conducted to determine the perspectives of Dutch PTs on self-management support. PTs (n = 39) rank-ordered 37 validated statements about self-management support from “most disagree (−3)” to “most agree (+3).” Differences in perspectives on self-management support were explored in a by-person centroid factor analysis on the basis of the explained variance (R2). After having sorted the statements, PTs explained their ranking of −3 and +3 statements in semi-structured interviews. All PTs recognized self-management support as intrinsic part of physiotherapy practice. Nevertheless, four particular perspectives could be identified: (1) the “externally driven educator” (R2 = 14%), (2) “internally driven educator” (R2 = 9%), (3) “client-centered coach” (R2 = 13%), and (4) “client-initiated coach” perspective (R2 = 15%). Each perspective reflects particular goals and perceptions of self-management support. Differences were identified with respect to the PTs’ role perception (educating or coaching), drive (external or internal), and collaboration with the patient (as partner or not). The identified perspectives can be used in the physiotherapy education curriculum to create awareness about the various ways of practicing self-management support and the skills needed to be able to tailor support to patient needs and to switch between perspectives.