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Using storytelling methodology to identify barriers and facilitators of sustained physical activity in patients with a chronic disease: a qualitative study

Publicatie van Kenniscentrum Zorginnovatie
J.J. Boer,de, A. Feleus, A. Hesselink, P. Siemonsma, J. Verhoef, M.A. Schmitt | Artikel | Publicatiedatum: 28 maart 2022
Objectives: To identify implicit and more profound barriers and facilitators and involving context elements to accomplish sustained physical activity (PA) in patients with a chronic disease. Understanding these barriers and facilitators may help develop future strategies to be used by healthcare professionals in primary care to support patients with a chronic disease to reach sustained PA. Design and methods: The qualitative, narrative research method storytelling was applied. Perspectives of both patients with a chronic disease (n=12) and involved healthcare professionals (n=11) were collected. Stories were audiotaped and retrieved from the transcriptions. Analysis involved a cyclic process of constant comparison. Main themes were arranged in the theoretical framework of the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation and Behaviour (COM-B) model. Participants: Patients were adults with a chronic disease or at high risk of developing a chronic disease who participated in a PA promoting programme. Eligible healthcare professionals were those involved in these PA promoting programmes in primary care, such as physiotherapists, nurse practitioners or sports consultants. Results: From 176 stories, 62 relevant and unique stories were selected for further analysis. Eleven main themes were identified and afterwards linked to the COM-B model. Trust in one’s own capabilities and in the healthcare professional were relevant themes. Also, health literacy and coping with temporary interruption were important capabilities. Important motivators were customised PA, increasing awareness, meaningful activities, exercising in a group and success experiences. Aversion to sports was seen as a barrier. Interprofessional collaboration and prerequisites can be a facilitator or a barrier. Conclusions: This study provides insight into deeper motivations, barriers and facilitators of sustained PA from both the patients’ and healthcare professionals’ perspective. Comparing these perspectives revealed different views and beliefs on some themes. Attention for temporary interruptions, aversion to sports and health literacy were identified to be important for sustained PA.

Auteur(s) - verbonden aan Hogeschool Rotterdam

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